District Census Handbook
Census is being conducted in the country every ten years as per the programme laid down by the Government of India. The District Census Handbook is published by District Census Handbook Unit since 1981,is one of the important publications in the context of planning and development at grass-root level. The publication , which is brought out for each district, contains primary census abstract(PCA) information, demographic and social-economic characteristics village-wise and town wise of the district along with the status of availability of civic amenities, infrastructural facilties etc.
District census Handbook of Gujarat is a joint venture of the Government of Gujarat and The Census Organization of Government ofIndia. In the preparation of DCHB,the role played by the census organization is that of census data collection,scanning of collected information onavailability of PCA. DCHB unit of state government collected the basic non census information on availability of amenities relating to infrastructure in the villages in the form of Village Directory. The village level amenity data have been collected,compliedand computerized in prescribed record as per guidance of Directorate of Census Operations, Gujarat.
DISTRICT CENSUS HANDBOOK
One of the most important utility publication brought out by the DCHB UNIT is the seriesof District Census Handbooks’ , (DCHB) , for each district separately . These DCHBs provide village and town level basic tables compiled from Census as well asnon census sources. It is the only source that gives information on each village and town on several demographic and socio economic characteristics and also on availability of important civic amenities. For grass root level planning at the village and town level , the DCHBs continue to remain one of the basic sources of comprehensive, latest and reliable database for taking conscious decisions regarding resource allocation and planned development.
Scope and coverage of District Census Handbook
Before the 1951 Census, the Census figures were published in a booklet known as ‘‘Village Hand-book’’, which contained only villagewise population figures. These books were prepared and published by the directorate of Census Operations of the State.M
The Directorate introduced the District Census Handbook for the first time in 1951 Census. It compromised the village wise primary census abstract (PCA) figures and information on available amenities population, Socio Cultural aspects. It also contained several tables relating to each village and town of the district. It varied in content and size from State to State depending upon the resources offered by the respective State Governments.
In 1961 Census,a uniform pattern of District Census Handbook was adopted throughout the country. The Directorate of Census and the State Government jointly executed the project. In addition to the English version, It was published for the first time in Gujarati language also. The DCHB published for the 1961 Census contained descriptive account of the district. administrativestatistics, few census tables and village and town Directories including PCA. The District Census Handbook 1961 was published in three parts viz. Part I, Part II, and Part III. Part I related to introductory Note i.e. general economic information for the district and a brief gazetteer of place names. Part II pertained to census tables, village wise list of industrial establishments, tables on handicrafts and departmental statistics. Part III, consisted of village directory covering the amenities and primary census abstract data combined in one statement. It also covered district and taluka maps.
It is worthwhile here to note that the State Government has created a separate unit for preparing and publishing, The District Census Handbook from 1971 Census onwards. In the 1971 Census, the contents of District Census Handbook were modified. In the preceding census the data on amenities and primary census abstract were separated into two different parts. Thus, the coverage of amenities data was expanded and the land use data were introduced for the first time since 1971 District Census Handbook. Moreover, a separate portion known as ‘Town Directory’ was also incorporated for the first time in the District Census Handbook. The 1971 District Census Handbooks were published in three parts viz. Part A, Part B and Part C. Part A contained the village and town directory. Part B contained village and town wise primary census abstract data and Part C contained official statistics, besides full count census tables, urban census tables and analytical report on census and related statistics socio-economic and cultural tables (Rural areas) and housing tables. Part A and Part B were combined and published in one volume. Part C could not be published in many States/Union territories due to delay in compilation of the requisite material.
At the 1981 Census certain new features along with restructuring of format of Village and Town Directory were introduced in the DCHB. The District census Handbook-1981 was brought out in two parts, Part-A and Part-B. Part-A contained the village and town directory; whereas Part-B included the primary census abstract data for both General population and Scheduled Casts/Scheduled Tribes. Both parts were published in one volume. Part C brought out for 1971 Census was dropped in 1981 Census. However, official statistics and some portion of analytical notes of part C of 1971 Census were included in the 1981 District Census Handbook also. For the 1991 Census, the District Census Handbooks were prepared more or less on the same lines of the preceding Census of 1961. In 2001, the scope of both Part A& Part B has enlarged by giving several additional information due to possession of large scale computerization.
The District Census Handbook has been prepared after scanning and processing of data collected through House list Schedule and Household Schedule. Several innovations have been introduced mostly at all the stages of the Census of India, 2001, right from the preparatory efforts of data processing to data dissemination of stage.
For the Census of India 2001, a system of permanent Location Code Number (PLCN) has been adopted by assigning a population number to each village within the State/UT a continuous series from I to N. Each village has been assigned an eight-digit code. The last two digits being ‘00’ are kept for accommodatating future changes in case of split of an existing village or creation of new villages etc.
All the amenities except power supply in the village have been brought together in the village diretory with the instruction that in case an amenity is not available in the referent village, the distance in broad ranges from the nearest place where the amenity is available may be given.Information on some new items in the village were provided, so as to meet some of the requirements of the Revised Minimum Needs Programme.Similarly,information on approach to the village was also provided for the first time in the Village Directory so as to give an idea about the number of inaccessible villages in each district. In the case of Town Directories also, keeping in view the requirements of the Minimum Needs Programme, was provided so as to enable the planners to chalk out the programmes for providing civic amenities.
Population Census is the total process of collecting, compiling, analyzing or otherwise disseminating demographic, economic and social data pertaining, at a specific time, of all persons in a country or a well-defined part of a country. As such, the census provides snapshot of the country’s population and housing at a given point of time.
The Indian Census is a mine of information and it is the largest single source of statistics on the people of our country. With a History of more than 125 years of conducting synchronous decennial Censuses in an unbroken sequence since 1872, this reliable time tested exercise has been bringing out a veritable wealth of statistics in every decade. It is a fascinating data source to various data users like planners, scholars and researchers in demography, economics, anthropology,sociology, statistics and many other disciplines. The rich and traditional diversity of the people in the different parts of our country is highly reflected through the Census, which is undoubtedly one of the basic tools to understand and study India.
The Census organization functions under the Ministry of Home Affairs of the Govt. of India. It is headed by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India at New Delhi. The Director of Census Operations, appointed for each Census in the states, conduct the Census operations in their respective state under the guidelines and supervision of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. The GUJARAT CENSUS DIRECTORATE is located at CensusBhawan, Sector 10 A, Gandhinagar.
Census 2011 :
The 2011 Census is the 15th decennial Census of India since 1872 when the first systematic Census was conducted throughout the country as per uniform pattern. This will be the 7th successive exercise conducted after Independence. Census Operations in India is the biggest administrative exercise undertaken the World over. Census count is intended to cater to the growing needs of the Planners, Demographers, Scholars and Administrators. Unlike Surveys, which depend on a given sample size, the Census provides the only reliable and authentic data, available for the entire population at a single point of reference.
The Census of India 2011 is conducted in two phases, namely i) Houselisting and Housing Census and ii) Population Enumeration. The first phase of the Census is conducted in the period April to September, 2010 in different States/Union Territories depending upon local conditions. In Gujarat, first phase of the Census is conducted from 21st April to 4th June, 2010. The field work of the second phase (Population Enumeration) is carried out during February-March, 2011 in all States/UTs.
The most important is that first time Caste base Census is included in the Census 2011. Besides that the scope and coverage of Village Directory 2011 is expanded by including more facilities details in both private & government amenities.
CENSUS 2011-AT A GLANCE
|Statistical Data of Gujarat State Pertaining to CENSUS- 2011|
|1||Number of Districts||26|
|2||Number of Sub- Divisions||225|
|3||Number of Municipal Corporations||7|
|4||Number of Cantonments||1|
|5||Number of Municipalities||159|
|6||Number of Census Towns||153|
|7||Number of Villages||18225|
|8||Provisional Population of 33 DISTRICTS (2011)||-|
|Contact Name||Designation||Contact Number||E-mail ID|
|SHRI A B GOHIL||Deputy Director||079-23257407||dd-dchb[at]gujarat[dot]gov[dot]in|
District Census Handbook Unit
Directorate of Economic & Statistics
2nd Floor, Old building Sector-18
Fax : +91 79 23257407
email : dd-dchb[at]gujarat[dot]gov[dot]in
|CENSUS RELATED OTHER WEBSITES|
|Directorate of Census Operations, Gujarat||http://www.censusgujarat.gov.in|
|Ministry of Home Affairs||http://www.mha.gov.in|
|Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India||http://www.censuskarnataka.gov.in|
|Directorate of Census Operations, Rajasthan||http://www.rajcensus.gov.in|
|Directorate of Census Operations, Tamilnadu||http://www.census.tn.nic.in|
|Census Publications& Information||http://www.censusindia.gov.in|
|Ministry of Statistics &Programme implementation,Govt.ofIindia||http://mospi.nic.in|